understand how students learn
Mark Prensky refers to today's students as digital natives because they have grown up in a world of digital technology (Killen, 2013). One way teachers can encourage their student's engagement and participation in learning is to include ICT activities in their lessons.
For example, in a mathematics lesson many teachers develop their lesson plans based on the CPA (Concrete, Pictorial, Abstract) philosophy of learning. To ensure their students do not only complete pencil and paper based pictorial activities, teachers can use programs such as Rainforest Maths, Study Ladder or Maths Online. These programs will provide the students with the opportunity to interact with their learning environment.